More than 50 entities from Brazil and abroad filed a complaint against President Jair Bolsonaro (without a party) at the International Criminal Court (ICC), in The Hague, for his choices during the coronavirus pandemic.
The complaint states that “there are indications that Bolsonaro committed a crime against humanity during his administration in the face of the pandemic, by adopting negligent and irresponsible actions, which contributed to the more than 80 thousand deaths from the disease in the country”.
The Court receives more than 800 complaints a year and decides on the complaints after months, so that the demand presented by the Brazilians may not continue, but it does mean an international strain for the Bolsonarist management, informs UOL in a report on the episode.
Also according to the petition presented with the signature of a coalition that brings together representatives of more than one million health workers in Brazil, the Ministry of Health “lost technicians with decades of experience in the SUS and appointed military personnel to strategic positions”. The text states that the interim Minister of Health, General Eduardo Pazuello, “abandoned the defense of stricter social detachment and began to recommend treatments for covid-19 without endorsement by medical and scientific entities, such as the use of chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine” .
In an interview with Sputnik Brasil, Célia Costa, director of the Union of Public Health Workers (SindiSaúde-SP), points out that the President of the Republic chose to be “poster boy for a drug that may have taken many lives”, in reference to chloroquine .
“We decided to make this complaint to President Jair Bolsonaro for the actions he took since the beginning of the pandemic. The World Health Organization had already been warning since December [about] the pandemic and President Jair Bolsonaro, unfortunately, treated the pandemic as a cold and today we have the result of more than 86 thousand lives lost ”, says Costa. “We hope that the Court will treat this issue as it really should be treated, like genocide.”
STF and future of the complaint
It is not the first time that the Federal Government’s actions during the global pandemic have been associated with genocide. Minister Gilmar Mendes, of the Supreme Federal Tribubal (STF), stated that military positions in the Ministry of Health were not “acceptable” during the pandemic.
“It must be said very clearly: the Army is associating with this genocide, it is not reasonable,” said the magistrate in debate. Mendes’ statement sparked criticism from Vice President Hamilton Mourão (PRTB), who said the minister should apologize.
The master in International Criminal Law Acácio Miranda says that the International Criminal Court is competent to try four different types of crimes: genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes and crimes of aggression.
“The process before the International Criminal Court has two formal stages: a stage in which there is an investigation, and consequently an admissibility judgment is made, and, if the complaint is admitted, it is submitted to the full, to the judgment of the 18 judges that make up the International Criminal Court. However, before these two stages, there is a prior judgment for the verification of whether there are minimum elements for an investigation to be initiated ”, says Miranda to Sputnik Brasil.